Tuesday, March 13, 2012

Yoga offers benefits for people with special needs

Chicago Tribune
By Joan Cary, Special to the Tribune

Erin Feeney capped off her 19th birthday celebration with a huge accomplishment that still makes her smile.

For the first time in her life, she was able to blow out her birthday candle.

On Nov. 11 last year, when she turned 20, she did it again.

"Not two or three, but one, and one is way better than none," said Erin's mom, Louise Feeney of Naperville.

Erin has cerebral palsy, which alters all of her muscles, including her speech, but not her intelligence. Louise Feeney credits her daughter's accomplishment with the birthday candle and other improvements in the quality of her life to yoga. A student at the College of DuPage, Erin spends an hour each week with Karen Fakroddin, a Yoga for the Special Child practitioner at Universal Spirit Yoga in Naperville.

Parents, educators and medical professionals are recognizing the benefits of yoga for young people with special needs, like Erin.

Three years of yoga have had a dramatic, positive impact on her daughter, Louise Feeney said. She believes that yoga has helped Erin with digestion, and given her more trunk control, less pain in her limbs, and more stamina, and helped with her breathing.

"The beauty of yoga is that it helps you wherever you are at," said Fakroddin.

In Erin's private yoga session, Louise Feeney helps move her daughter to the mat where Fakroddin cradles Erin in her arms, gently manipulating her constricted arms and legs to stretch out and to relax. She supports Erin, calmly encouraging her to use her neck muscles to lift her head for seconds. What to most are simple movements like putting her feet flat to the floor are slow and short-lived for Erin, but she is thrilled to accomplish them.

Yoga for the Special Child (www.specialyoga.com) is an international program designed by former Evanston resident Sonia Sumar in 1970 to help babies and children with cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, autism, attention deficit disorder and learning disabilities. There are now six certified practitioners in the Chicago area, and many in 26 other states and 12 other countries.

"The knowledge of yoga for special needs is up, and there is more coming," said Fakroddin, who points out that practitioners never work without a doctor's clearance and a thorough intake assessment. "It helps the special needs children to slow down, to focus. They are able to accept their limitations and work through them. It's a tough world. To be able to empower them, to give them the tools to help themselves, is wonderful."

Jessica Wheeler, 16, and Ellie Martin, 13, are enrolled in Fakroddin's group class, and their mothers have witnessed improved strength, balance and posture in their daughters, as well as the joy of being in a social but noncompetitive class.

"It's good for Ellie to be able to do something that everybody else can do," said Suzanne Martin, of Naperville, whose daughter has a neuro-muscular disorder. "This is kind of an even playing field. Ellie can just join in. She loves swimming, but this is her favorite."

Diane Wheeler, of Winfield, said Jessica, who has cognitive anxiety issues, uses her yoga breath at home and in class at Wheaton North High School to calm herself down.

"She's more coordinated and can follow directions better," Wheeler said.

In the class of five students that includes Ellie and Jessica, Fakroddin leads her students through breathing exercises, music therapy for eye and hand coordination, and traditional poses such as the cobra pose, child pose and downward dog pose, each adapted to meet each child's needs and capabilities.

"We meet them where they are, not focusing on their disabilities but their abilities," said Fakroddin, who helps each individual with the poses, but also takes time for a quick giggle break when one's giggles turn out to be catching.

Special-needs adults may also benefit from yoga. Fakroddin has partnered with the Western DuPage Special Recreation Association, which conducts a Rec and Roll program for 36 special-needs adults, age 22 and up. Instructor Kipp Soncek has seen improved balance in his participants, but the primary difference, he said, is that they recognize they can control themselves when suffering anxiety, frustration or fatigue, and some can prompt themselves to put yoga methods into practice.

A key benefit of yoga is that as old as it is, it presents something new to his special-needs patients, said Gadi Revivo, a pediatric rehabilitation physician at the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago.

"And it allows them to do the things their able-bodied peers get to do," he said.

No comments:

Post a Comment